Many “gears” are utilized for automobiles, but they are also used for many additional machines. The most frequent one may be the “transmitting” that conveys the energy of engine to tires. There are broadly two roles the transmission of an automobile plays : one is planetary gear reduction usually to decelerate the high rotation quickness emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the additional is to improve the reduction ratio in accordance with the acceleration / deceleration or traveling speed of a car.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the overall state of generating amounts to at least one 1,000 – 4,000 rotations each and every minute (17 – 67 per second). Since it is difficult to rotate tires with the same rotation swiftness to perform, it is necessary to lessen the rotation speed utilizing the ratio of the amount of gear teeth. Such a role is named deceleration; the ratio of the rotation speed of engine and that of wheels is named the reduction ratio.
Then, exactly why is it necessary to change the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? This is because substances require a large force to start moving however they do not require such a big force to excersice once they have began to move. Automobile can be cited as a good example. An engine, however, by its character can’t so finely modify its output. Therefore, one adjusts its output by changing the decrease ratio employing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears very much resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the number of teeth of gears meshing with one another can be considered as the ratio of the distance of levers’ arms. That’s, if the decrease ratio is huge and the rotation swiftness as output is lower in comparison to that as insight, the energy output by transmitting (torque) will be huge; if the rotation quickness as output isn’t so low in comparison compared to that as input, on the other hand, the energy output by transmitting (torque) will be small. Thus, to improve the decrease ratio utilizing transmitting is much akin to the basic principle of moving things.
After that, how does a tranny modify the reduction ratio ? The answer lies in the mechanism called a planetary equipment mechanism.
A planetary gear mechanism is a gear mechanism consisting of 4 components, namely, sunlight gear A, several world gears B, internal gear C and carrier D that connects world gears as observed in the graph below. It includes a very complex structure rendering its design or production most difficult; it can realize the high reduction ratio through gears, however, it is a mechanism suitable for a reduction system that requires both little size and high performance such as transmission for automobiles.
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are involved at once, which allows high speed decrease to be achieved with fairly small gears and lower inertia reflected back to the motor. Having multiple teeth reveal the load also enables planetary gears to transmit high degrees of torque. The combination of compact size, large speed reduction and high torque transmission makes planetary gearboxes a popular choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes perform involve some disadvantages. Their complexity in style and manufacturing tends to make them a far more expensive option than other gearbox types. And precision manufacturing is extremely important for these gearboxes. If one planetary equipment is positioned closer to the sun gear compared to the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, leading to premature wear and failure. Also, the compact footprint of planetary gears makes heat dissipation more difficult, so applications that run at high speed or experience continuous operation may require cooling.
When utilizing a “standard” (i.electronic. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the driven equipment should be inline with one another, although manufacturers offer right-angle designs that integrate other gear sets (often bevel gears with helical the teeth) to supply an offset between the input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio is dependent on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed related to ratio and max output speed
3 Max radial load placed at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (not available with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic electric motor input SAE C or D hydraulic
Precision Planetary Reducers
This standard range of Precision Planetary Reducers are ideal for use in applications that demand powerful, precise positioning and repeatability. These were specifically developed for make use of with state-of-the-art servo electric motor technology, providing tight integration of the electric motor to the unit. Style features include installation any servo motors, standard low backlash, high torsional stiffness, 95 to 97% efficiency and tranquil running.
They can be purchased in nine sizes with decrease ratios from 3:1 to 600:1 and output torque capacities up to 16,227 lb.ft. The output could be provided with a good shaft or ISO 9409-1 flange, for installation to rotary or indexing tables, pinion gears, pulleys or other drive components without the need for a coupling. For high precision applications, backlash levels down to 1 arc-minute are available. Right-angle and input shaft versions of these reducers are also available.
Common applications for these reducers include precision rotary axis drives, traveling gantries & columns, materials handling axis drives and electronic line shafting. Industries served include Material Handling, Automation, Aerospace, Machine Tool and Robotics.
Unit Design &
Construction
Gearing: Featuring case-hardened & floor gearing with minimal put on, low backlash and low noise, making them the many accurate and efficient planetaries available. Standard planetary style has three world gears, with a higher torque version using four planets also offered, please see the Reducers with Output Flange chart on the machine Ratings tab beneath the “+” unit sizes.
Bearings: Optional output bearing configurations for software specific radial load, axial load and tilting minute reinforcement. Oversized tapered roller bearings are regular for the ISO Flanged Reducers.
Housing: Single piece metal housing with integral band gear provides higher concentricity and eliminate speed fluctuations. The housing can be fitted with a ventilation module to increase insight speeds and lower operational temperatures.
Output: Available in a solid shaft with optional keyway or an ISO 9409-1 flanged interface. You can expect a wide variety of standard pinions to mount directly to the output design of your choice.
Unit Selection
These reducers are usually selected predicated on the peak cycle forces, which often happen during accelerations and decelerations. These cycle forces rely on the powered load, the swiftness vs. period profile for the cycle, and any other external forces functioning on the axis.
For application & selection assistance, please call, fax or email us. The application info will be examined by our engineers, who will recommend the best solution for the application.
Ever-Power Automation’s Gearbox products offer high precision in affordable prices! The Planetary Gearbox item offering contains both In-Line and Right-Position configurations, built with the design goal of offering a cost-effective gearbox, without sacrificing quality. These Planetary Gearboxes can be found in sizes from 40mm to 180mm, ideal for motors ranging from NEMA 17 to NEMA 42 and larger. The Spur Gearbox range provides an efficient, cost-effective choice appropriate for Ever-Power Automation’s AC Induction Gear Motors. Ever-Power Automation’s Gearboxes are offered in up to 30 different gear ratios, with torque ratings up to 10,488 in-pounds (167,808 oz-in), and so are appropriate for most Servo,
SureGear Planetary Gearboxes for Small Ever-Power Motors
The SureGear PGCN series is a good gearbox value for servo, stepper, and other movement control applications requiring a NEMA size input/output interface. It provides the best quality designed for the price point.
Features
Wide variety of ratios (5, 10, 25, 50, and 100:1)
Low backlash of 30 arc-min or less
20,000 hour service life
Free of maintenance; requires no additional lubrication
NEMA sizes 17, 23, and 34
Includes hardware for mounting to SureStep stepper motors
Optional shaft bushings available for mounting to other motors
1-year warranty
Applications
Material handling
Pick and place
Automation
Packaging
Various other motion control applications requiring a Ever-Power input/output
Spur gears certainly are a type of cylindrical gear, with shafts that are parallel and coplanar, and the teeth that are straight and oriented parallel to the shafts. They’re arguably the easiest and most common type of gear – simple to manufacture and suitable for a range of applications.
One’s the teeth of a spur gear ‘ve got an involute profile and mesh one tooth simultaneously. The involute type implies that spur gears simply generate radial forces (no axial forces), however the approach to tooth meshing causes high pressure on the gear the teeth and high sound creation. Because of this, spur gears are usually used for lower swiftness applications, although they can be utilized at almost every speed.
An involute tools tooth includes a profile this is the involute of a circle, which means that since two gears mesh, they speak to at an individual point where in fact the involutes meet. This aspect actions along the tooth areas as the gears rotate, and the kind of force ( known as the line of activities ) is certainly tangent to both foundation circles. Therefore, the gears adhere to the fundamental regulation of gearing, which promises that the ratio of the gears’ angular velocities must stay continuous through the entire mesh.
Spur gears could possibly be produced from metals such as steel or brass, or from plastics such as nylon or polycarbonate. Gears manufactured from plastic produce much less sound, but at the trouble of power and loading capability. Unlike other devices types, spur gears don’t encounter high losses because of slippage, therefore they often times have high transmission functionality. Multiple spur gears can be utilized in series ( referred to as a equipment teach ) to realize large reduction ratios.
There are two primary types of spur gears: external and internal. Exterior gears possess the teeth that are cut externally surface area of the cylinder. Two exterior gears mesh with each other and rotate in reverse directions. Internal gears, in contrast, have tooth that are cut inside surface of the cylinder. An exterior gear sits in the internal equipment, and the gears rotate in the same direction. Because the shafts are positioned closer together, internal gear assemblies are more compact than external gear assemblies. Internal gears are primarily used for planetary gear drives.
Spur gears are usually viewed as best for applications that want speed reduction and torque multiplication, such as ball mills and crushing equipment. Examples of high- velocity applications that make use of spur gears – despite their high noise levels – include consumer home appliances such as washing machines and blenders. And while noise limits the use of spur gears in passenger automobiles, they are generally found in aircraft engines, trains, and even bicycles.