Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase engine operates beneath the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the chain sprocket rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is available, a design mechanism is included to begin the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only one main winding and no begin winding. This configuration causes a change of the applied magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications include fans and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start electric motor)
Has two models of stator windings. The “start” windings are positioned 90 degrees to the “run” windings and change the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small supporters, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It really is a modified split-phase engine with a capacitor in series with the start winding to provide a start boost. Program include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal beginning switch is necessary. Applications include followers and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.